Consider, I have before me a Blu-ray player that, according to the advertising material, can decode DTS-HD Master Audio. How can I be certain that it can do as claimed? Especially since at the time that I am writing, only the Sony Playstation 3 has to my knowledge the capability of decoding this audio format.
Here's what I do. I set the Blu-ray player to convert the audio for output over HDMI as multichannel PCM (7.1 channels if given the choice). Then I play some of the Titles shown below. The excerpt from Hairspray, for example, should produce 7.1 channels of PCM. If, however, the resulting PCM is only 5.1 channels then it's likely that the unit is actually decoding the standard DTS core embedded within the DTS-HD Master Audio.
Likewise, the two 'Nature's Journey' Titles are encoded at 96kHz sampling rate. My home theatre receiver reports the sampling rate of the PCM it receives. If I have any sampling downconversion feature within the Blu-ray switched off, and the receiver reports the PCM as being 48kHz, once again this suggests that the standard DTS core (which supports only 48kHz) is being decoded by the player rather than the full DTS-HD MA.
Just as a brief aside on video: frame stepping through some of the pieces I've listed below as being 'VC1 1080p60' suggests that these are encoded as four progressive frames followed by a repeated frame, then four new progressive frames followed by a repeated frame, and so on. What could this mean? Could this mean the video is actually 1080p48, converted to 1080p60? But some of the other Titles, such as the two DTS-HD trailers, are clearly 1080p60 (hmmm, or maybe 1080p30 -- I'll have to count up the frames per second).
UPDATED 17 March 2009: I have corrected a couple of minor errors in the table below, and added bitrates for the DTS-HD TrueHD tracks. These are derived from the excellent BDInfo tool (version 0.5.2). So also are the bit-depths (16 or 24 bits).
|Item||Title #||Audio Format||Bitrate||F||R||S||Bits||Freq||Time||Video|
|Main Menu music - Excerpt from Porcupine Tree: 'Start of Something Beautiful'||-||DTS||1536kbps||3||2||1||24||48kHz||N/A||VC1|
|Movie: Excerpt from Night at the Museum||1||DTS-HD MA||4218kbps||3||2||1||24||48kHz||4:23||VC1 1080p24|
|Movie: Excerpt from Eragon||2||DTS-HD MA||4574kbps||3||2||1||24||48kHz||3:10||VC1 1080p24|
|Movie: Excerpt from X-Men: The Last Stand||3||DTS-HD MA||5457kbps||3||3||1||24||48kHz||4:18||VC1 1080p24|
|Movie: Excerpt from Hairspray||4||DTS-HD MA||6393kbps||3||4||1||24||48kHz||4:33||VC1 1080p24|
|Movie: Excerpt from Rush Hour 3||5||DTS-HD MA||6332kbps||3||4||1||24||48kHz||3:20||VC1 1080p24|
|Movie: Excerpt I from Nature's Journey||6||DTS-HD MA 96/24||5971kbps||3||2||0||24||96kHz||3:21||VC1 1080i60|
|Movie: Excerpt II from Nature's Journey||7||DTS-HD MA 96/24||4817kbps||3||2||0||24||96kHz||2:14||VC1 1080i60|
|Music: The Black Crowes: 'Hard to Handle'||8||DTS||1536kbps||3||2||1||16||48kHz||8:28||VC1 1080i60|
|Music: BT: 'Dynamic Symmetry'||9||DTS-HD MA||4914kbps||3||4||1||24||48kHz||11:25||VC1 1080p24|
|Music: Alice Cooper: 'School's Out' (Live at Montreaux 2005)||10||DTS||1536kbps||3||2||1||24||48kHz||4:39||VC1 1080i60|
|Music: Pixies: 'Debaser'||11||DTS-HD MA||2652kbps||3||2||1||16||48kHz||2:51||VC1 1080i60|
|Music: The Who: 'Pinball Wizard' (Live at the Isle of Wight Festival 1970)||12||DTS-HD MA||2855kbps||3||2||1||16||48kHz||2:54||VC1 1080i60|
|Music: Chieli Minucci: 'Daybreak'||13||DTS-HD MA||6474kbps||3||4||1||24||48kHz||8:34||VC1 1080i60|
|Extras: 'Hear No Evil'||14||DTS-HD MA||2938kbps||3||2||1||24||48kHz||1:43||VC1 1080p60|
|Extras: DTS-HD Educational Videos: 'Better Sound Today'||15||DTS-HD MA||2072kbps||3||2||1||16||48kHz||1:03||VC1 1080i60|
|Extras: DTS-HD Educational Videos: '7.1 Channels'||16||DTS-HD MA||2047kbps||3||2||1||16||48kHz||1:03||VC1 1080i60|
|Extras: DTS-HD Educational Videos: 'Identical to the Studio Master'||17||DTS-HD MA||2059kbps||3||2||1||16||48kHz||1:03||VC1 1080i60|
|Extras: DTS-HD Trailers - SFX||18||DTS-HD MA||9528kbps||3||4||1||24||96kHz||0:17||MPEG4 AVC 1080i60|
|Extras: DTS-HD Trailers - Orchestra||19||DTS-HD MA||8852kbps||3||4||1||24||96kHz||0:17||MPEG4 AVC 1080i60|