What is Blu-ray 3D?

Last year saw a nearly unique sporting event in Australia. For only the second time in its 113 year history, the Australian Rules football grand final ended in a draw. This is so rare simply because the rules of the game are such that high scores are the norm. This game ended with 68 points all, but scores above 100 points are by no means uncommon.

Since draws are rare, the game has no provision for extra time or other means of resolving a draw. Except for one: a rematch.

That’s what happened with this match. The two battered teams dragged themselves back to the oval a week later and a conclusive result was reached.

The drawn game was special for another reason: it was broadcast in 3D, the first time for an Australian Rules Grand Final match. The broadcast was in limited areas on a trial basis authorised by the government, and it used the side-by-side format.

The following week’s repeat did not receive the same treatment, presumably because no contingent bookings had been made for the special equipment.

Last week The 3D Movie List tweeted that this drawn match was being released on Blu-ray 3D by the Visual Entertainment Group, a local Australian DVD distributor that specialises in a number of niches, including sports. I contacted them and they kindly sent me a copy.

I was intrigued how this was going to be done. Blu-ray 3D employs the MPEG4 Multiview Video Coding format to produce a frame packed (ie. doubled, with images for both left and right eyes) 24 fps output. But this was shot in 1080i50 and broadcast in that format, using the side-by-side arrangement for the frames. Converting to 24fps was always going to be difficult.

But the disc turned out not to be ‘Blu-ray 3D’ as I understand it, but the same 1080i50 side-by-side format. It used the MPEG4 AVC codec (as did the TV broadcast), but at the enormously higher average bitrate of about 32Mbps.

Frame from AFL 2010 Grand Final Draw

Frame from AFL 2010 Grand Final Draw Blu-ray disc


Incidentally, you get three different game calls to choose from from three different broadcasters (one TV, and two radio it seems).

Don’t get me wrong. This disc looks good and produces a good 3D effect, and there is no other satisfactory way of presenting it in 3D, but is it really, technically, ‘Blu-ray 3D’?

(One downside: Blu-ray 3D is backwards compatible with 2D equipment. This disc works fine in a 2D Blu-ray player but cannot be watched unless you have a 3D TV.)

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4 Responses to What is Blu-ray 3D?

  1. Craig says:


    3D-blu-ray does indeed allow higher frame rates suited to sport etc. They are 720p/50 and 720p/59.94. 1080p/24 is not the only 3D blu-ray spec. allowed.

    1080i in (proper spec) blu-ray 3D is not allowed. This disc is effectively 2D side-by-side, with the user expected to select the correct mode on their 3D TV themselves.

    So, this disc *COULD* have been authored correctly by cross converting the 1080i Side-By-Side format into frame-packed 720p/50, maintaining the smooth-video look needed for sport. Indeed, the Side-By-Side format is simply a broadcast format, and this match would most likely have full res (1080 x 1920 x 2) HD-CAM SR dual-stream 4:2:2 masters recorded by the Outside Broadcast van on-site. This master would be used to create the 3D 720p/50 blu-ray, if done properly.



  2. Mark says:

    This was the third draw: 1948 Melbourne vs. Essendon & 1977 North Melbourne vs. Collingwood were the first two.

  3. Mark says:

    Another rare outcome of an VFL/AFL grand final was in 1916 when the winner of the wooden spoon (ie came last in the home & away matches) won the finals series. Due to WW1 there were only 4 teams competing so all teams made that years finals: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1916_VFL_season

  4. Craig, HD-CAM SR dual link was not recorded, side by side is all that CH7 had. So as we were also authoring a 2D Blu-ray with both matches, the decision was taken for both time and budget reasons, to use the side by side version. So in reality there was nothing to loose going this way and we maintained as much picture res as possible by staying at 1920×1080, however I agree that had left and right been available the disc would almost certainly have been done as full 3DBD

    Tony Laughton


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